The Acid Reflux disease or gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) refers to the symptoms caused to the esophagus organ by abnormal reflux which then leads to symptoms like heartburn, Nausea, chest pain and so on. In babies and children, it is difficult to identify this problem and the symptoms also vary. The liquids that is refluxing from the stomach contains injurious acid and that leads to esophageal inflammations.
Acid reflux is a chronic problem and once the treatment is started then, it is necessary to follow the same for the rest of the patients life. In many cases, the human body uses a sort of mechanism to protect it from acid refluxes and this is done by swallowing saliva which neutralizes the acid present in the patients stomach. During the day, humans are standing and sitting upright which makes them swallow their saliva quite often which together with gravity makes liquids from stomach return without doing any damage to esophagus.
During the night, when people are in deep sleep, there is less gravity. Swallowing of saliva increases which creates a big amount of acid in esophagus and then it damages it the most. Acid reflux is caused by several different factors and are not limited to only one factor. The most common signs of Acid reflux are nausea, heartburn and regurgitation. In most of the patients with the disease, the nerve stimulation creating heartburn is caused when acid refluxes back to the esophagus. This heartburn is felt in different ways in different patients. Because of the heartburn symptoms, some of the patients with acid reflux doesn’t sleep well.
Acid reflux leads to the following complications such as: Ulcer, coughing, asthma, inflammation of the throat, strictures and etc. An ulcer is caused when the acid from stomach reaches the esophagus and damages the cells. The word esophagitis refers to the neutralization of acid present in the esophagus and it is initiated by our human body to heal the damage caused to the esophagus. In many cases, if it is determined that the bleeding is rigorous, treatment such as an endoscopic procedure or finally a surgical treatment might be necessary.
Usually acid reflux is found or suspected with its usual signs and it is diagnosed with procedures such as biopsies, endoscopy, examination of the throat and larynx, esophageal acid testing, gastric emptying disease and etc. The treatment often varies according to the complexities of the damage caused to the esophagus.
Acid reflux can be treated quite effectively with changes to your the way you live your life. For example by changing the your diet habits. It is necessary to avoid eating foods such as chocolate and alcohol because these are the kind of foods that have been found to promote acid reflux and do damage to the esophagus. If at any point feel the signs of Acid reflux, it is necessary to immediately approach a doctor for a proper diagnosis which can save the esophagus before it gets hurt more.
Ronald Jensen helps people around the world avoid acid reflux disease. He also help many people survive with the disease, in case they have been affected by it. On his website, you can learn much more about acid reflux disease, how to not get it and how to survive with it.
Article Source: Acid Reflux and its Treatment